What is meditatingMeditation was developed as a set of techniques adapted to take very deep paths of inner growth, allowing even beginners to learn to observe their own mental processes and learn to manage them, having more limited objectives or superficial.
There are many types of meditation that are practiced with different motivations.
The principle common to all styles of meditation is to become familiar with different concepts of mental states or those that occur automatically in the mind, in the form of discursive thought, or obsessions and automations that can be harmful, and act in a manner more or less deep, at both physical level than activating behaviours involving routines that lead to negative experiences.
The way to be aware of what goes on inside the mind is observing it mindfully.
So, Meditation can be understood as a process of Meta cognition, that happens in a controlled manner, using many different "techniques" suitable to produce knowledge of what happens in the mind, and eventually producing the mental states of inquiry, with which you want to familiarize yourself.
The basic technique as well as the development of awareness, is above all the ability in increasing attentional capacity, and sustained and focused attention, which allows greater sharpness in the analysis.
|Also may be present other components such as Visualization(Imagery) that is the mental representation, the recitation of mantras and special hand gestures, the Mudra.|
Then, using these techniques in combination, a few at a time or individually, you can enjoy many styles of meditation, which can be divided into two broad classes: Analytical meditation, that analyzes different subjects, or Stabilizing Meditation in which one "stands" on the analysis result, or remains permanently monitoring fully open of the external perceptions, thoughts and even the nature of mind.
With the breath meditation we may unify this two practices.
Neuroscience and Meditation